Common pregnancy conditions can increase the risk of the mother having diabetes later in life, reports a new Canadian study. The study published in PLOS Medicine examined over one million women and found that preeclampsia and gestational hypertension during pregnancy can double a women’s risk of developing diabetes later in life.
Gestational hypertension is when a pregnant women has high blood pressure, this can turn into preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is a condition where pregnant women have high blood pressure, fluid retention, and protein in their urine.
Pregnancy Conditions: The Study
This large population based study, led by Dr. Denice Feig and her colleagues, used the Canadian health database to identify women who delivered at an Ontario hospital between April 1994 and March 2008.
Dr. Feig looked for women who had been diagnosed with gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, or gestational diabetes (diabetes that occurs only during pregnancy).
The researchers then looked at the Ontario Diabetes Database to see if these women developed diabetes during the follow up period. The follow-up period began 180 days after birth and lasted until March 2011. Over the course of the study, there were 1,010,068 women included in the analysis.
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Diabetes After Pregnancy: The Results
Dr. Feig found that women who had gestational hypertension were 1.95 times likely to have diabetes later in life – that’s almost double the risk.
- Women who had preeclampsia were 2.08 times more likely to develop diabetes (over double the risk).
- Women with gestational diabetes were a staggering 12.77 times more likely to develop diabetes.
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